Cheng Man-ch’ing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheng_Man_Ching

Cheng Man Ching, 鄭曼青, est né le 29 juillet 1900 et mort le 26 mars 1975. Maître de Tai chi chuan. Il avait le titre honorifique “maître des cinq excellences” pour ses connaissances du Tai chi, de la médecine chinoise, de la calligraphie, peinture et poésie.


Jeune homme, il tomba gravement malade et, dans l’espoir de surmonter la maladie, appris le Taichi style Yang chez le célèbre Yang Ch’eng-fu entre 1928 et 1935. Sur la base de la forme Yang traditionnelle, il développa la forme courte de 37 pas.

En 1949 il déménagea à Taiwan, puis en 1964 au États Unies, où il ouvrit une école de Tai chi à New York.

En 2002, William Nelson a initié un forum européen Cheng Man Ching qui se déroule tous les deux ans (2002 Périgueux, France, 2004 Hanovre, Allemagne, 2006 Italie)

Cheng Man-ch’ing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This is a Chinese name; the family name is Cheng.

Cheng Man-ch’ing (WG) or Zhèng Mànqīng (py) 鄭曼青 [(1902-1975)] was born in Yongjia (present-day Wenzhou), Zhejiang Province (his birthday was on the 28th year of the Guangxu emperor’s reign, 6th month, 25th day, which corresponds to July 29, 1902). He died March 26, 1975); his grave is near the city of Taipei. Cheng was trained in Chinese medicine, T’ai Chi Ch’uan, calligraphy, painting and poetry. Due to his skill in these five areas (among some of the traditional skills and pastimes of a Confucian scholar in traditional China) he was often referred to as the « Master of Five Excellences. » Because he had been a college professor, his students called him « Professor Cheng. »

Early Years

Cheng’s father passed away when Cheng was very young. Around the age of nine, Cheng was struck on the head by a falling object, likely a stone from a stone wall around his family’s garden, and was in a coma for a short while. He recuperated slowly, and was apprenticed to a well-known artist, Wang Xiangchan, in hopes that simple jobs like grinding ink would help his health. Within a few years, his teacher sent him out to earn his living at painting. In addition, Cheng’s aunt Chang Kuang, also known by her artist’s name of Hongwei Laoren, was also a well-known painter. During Cheng’s childhood, his mother regularly took him on walking tours to find medicinal plants growing in their neighborhood. She then taught her son a good deal of the fundamentals of traditional herbal medicine as practiced over millennia by rural Chinese people.

Cheng taught poetry and art in several leading colleges in Beijing and Shanghai and was a successful artist. At the age of nineteen, he was the youngest full professor of art at an esteemed art school in Fuzhou. Among his colleagues and friends were Wu Changshi, Cai Yuanpei, Zheng Xiaoxu, Xu Beihong, and Zhang Daqian. In his twenties, he developed lung disease (believed to be tuberculosis partly from exposure to the chalk dust from the school blackboards). Ill to the point of coughing up blood, he began to practice T’ai Chi Ch’uan more diligently to aid his recovery. Cheng retired from teaching and devoted himself for several years to the study of T’ai Chi Ch’uan, traditional Chinese medicine, and literature.

Interleaved in his eventful life was the parallel thread of his formal medical studies. While he was teaching painting at the Fuzhou fine art school, one of his fellow students grew ill and was unable to find relief. The young Cheng Man-ch’ing wrote a complex prescription for his friend, who drank the medicine and recovered fully. Thereafter, the friend’s peregrinations took him westward to a distant city where he showed the worn, precious prescription to a physician, the director of an established medical school. The physician demanded to be in contact with the amateur healer on the ground that the sophistication and erudition of the prescription showed exceptional talent and competence. Noteworthy in this tale is the fact that the director of the medical school had studied his profession from his father, who had in turn studied with his father, going back through a full twelve generations of traditional Chinese physicians – an almost unmatched concentration of knowlege and practice. As war was raging across China at that time, it took several years before Cheng Man’ch’ing was able to present himself for study; when he finally did so, his daily obligation was to spend afternoons in school with the other students, but each morning at the elbow of the school’s director as he opened each one of the thousands of drawers holding the flora, fauna, and minerals of traditional Chinese medicines. Cheng studied, smelled, and tasted each element under the vigilant eye of his mentor, who then rigorously tested the young man on each point. By this means, the student became conversant with the entire Chinese pharmacopoeia and was graduated as a highly-trained physician in one of the most refined and successful medicines of human history.

In 1928 he met the well-known master Yang Chengfu, with whom he began to study Yang style T’ai Chi Ch’uan, which he did until 1935. Cheng, according to Yang’s son Zhenji, ghostwrote Yang’s second book « The Substance and Application of T’ai Chi Ch’uan » (Taijiquan tiyong quanshu, 1934), for which Cheng also wrote a preface and most likely arranged for the calligraphic dedications.[1]

Cheng taught T’ai Chi Ch’uan, practiced medicine, and continued his art practice in Sichuan Province during the Sino-Japanese war years. By 1946, he had developed a significantly abbreviated 37-move version of Yang’s traditional form. He wrote the manuscript for his « Thirteen Chapters » during this period, and showed them to his elder classmate Chen Weiming, who gave it his imprimatur.


Cheng moved to Taiwan in 1949 and established a career as a traditional Chinese medicine physician and teacher of his new T’ai Chi Ch’uan form, as well as practicing painting, poetry, and calligraphy. He published Cheng’s 13 Chapters of Taiji Boxing in 1950 which has been translated into English two different times. He started the Shih Chung T’ai Chi Association in Taipei, where many now well-known students (Benjamin Lo, Liu Hsi-heng, Hsu I-chung, Robert W. Smith, T. T. Liang, William C. C. Chen and others) trained with him. Though he tended not to advertise it, he served as one of the painting teachers of Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek, whom he taught to paint lotuses; and as personal physician to Chiang Ka-shek in Taiwan and perhaps earlier.

© wikipedia.org 2007


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